Song Of India Tree
Dracaena reflexa – Song of India
Other Common Names: Reflexed Dracaena, Pleomele
Dracaena reflexa is a tropical tree that is a member of the Agavaceae or Century-plant family. It is native to Mauritius, Madagascar, and other islands near the Indian Ocean. It is also known by its common names such as Pleomele, Reflexed Dracaena, or Song of India.
Song of India is grown as a houseplant as it is considered as an ornamental plant. That is why, it usually grows small, only reaching about 4 to 5 meters. In protected locations, it can reach up to 6 meters, but that rarely happens. It grows upright with an open crown and arching branches that are colored silvery brown. The branches also have prominent leaf base scars that come from its fallen leaves.
The leathery and flexible leaves are arranged spirally and are lanceolate in shape. They can grow from 5 to 20 centimeters long and 1.5 to 5 centimeters broad. They are dark green in color and grow in tight coils with parallel venation and margin.
It rarely produces flowers, but when it does, they appear in clusters during mid-winter. They are small and usually white, that is why they are not very noticeable. However, they are extremely fragrant. Sometimes, the flowers are also followed by berries that are rounded and colored orange-red.
Aside from its use as a decorative plant, the Song of India is also used to remove a significant amount of toxins from the surroundings. In fact, it is included in NASA’s clean air study involving plants that can help clean up the environment from air pollution.