Moluccan Albizia Tree
Falcataria moluccana – Moluccan Albizia
Other Common Names: Molucca Albizia, Moluccan Sau, Batai, Bataiwood, Peacocksplume
Falcataria moluccana is a fast-growing tree that belongs to the Fabaceae or legume family. It is inherent to the Solomon Islands, Maluku Islands, New Guinea, and the Bismarck Archipelago in Papua New Guinea. It is cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions all across the globe and is known by its many common names including Moluccan Sau, Batai, Bataiwood, Sengon, Falcata, Peacocksplume, Molucca Albizia, and Moluccan Albizia.
It has an enormous trunk and an open crown with a wide-spreading form. They can reach up to 130 feet or 40 meters tall and quickly grow with a 5 meter height increment and a 15 centimeter diameter increment annually. Because of the tree’s size, the branches can also be the size of an average-sized tree that sometimes they can pose as a hazard.
The wood of the Moluccan Albizia is light and brittle. The lumber taken from the tree is used for fuel and tea-chests, while the softwood can be used in making match sticks and the pulp in paper-making. They are also useful as shade because of its massive size.
The leaves are bipinnate, growing anywhere from 9 to 12 inches or 23 to 30 centimeters long. They have a dull green color above and a paler color beneath. The faintly fragrant flowers grow in clusters which are large and branched, growing from 8 to 10 inches or 20 to 25 centimeters long. They have a creamy white color with long, greenish white corolla. Each flower has five pointed lobes and are usually followed by pods containing brown seeds resembling discs.