Cordia subcordata – Kou
Cordia subcordata is a flowering tree that belongs to the Boraginaceae family. It is also known by a lot of common names such as mareer, kerosene wood, glueberry, manjak, narrow-leafed bird lime tree, snottygobbles, kanawa, tou, or kou. It is also known as pramasada, purnamasada, or kalimasada in Java and Madura.
The Kou tree is a great tree of choice for a roomy landscape. They can grow from medium to large as they get as tall as 7 to 10 meters or 23 to 33 feet upon maturity. Sometimes, they can even be as tall as 15 meters or 49 feet. However, it should be noted that their root system is quite shallow, so too much disturbance on the surface may cause damage. But, they require minimal maintenance once established.
The leaves of the Kou tree are smooth, leathery, and somewhat glossy. They also have rippled margins and noticeable pale veins. They are oval shaped and can grow from 8 to 20 centimeters or 3.1 to 7.9 inches long and 5 to 13 centimeters or 2.0 to 5.1 inches wide.
Kou’s orange-colored flowers are tubular and are 2.5 to 4 centimeters or 0.98 to 1.57 inches in diameter. They grow in small clusters that are partially hidden by the leaves. Each flower has 5 to 7 irregular lobes that are heavily wrinkled, and while the petals are orange, the sepals are pale green. Most of the flowers grow in spring, but blooming transpires all throughout the year.
The spherical fruits of the Kou tree are also produced all year round. They contain up to four seeds that are edible, as they have been eaten during famine. The flowers are also used to make lei and the leaves are used to make dyes and fishing lines.