Juniper Berry Tree
Citharexylum caudatum – Juniper Berry
Other Common Names: Fiddlewood
Citharexylum caudatum is a tree specie that is considered to be fast growing as it tends to form a dense covering where it grows. It belongs to the family of Verbenaceae – Verbena, and is also known for its common names such as Fiddlewood and Juniper Berry.
It can be described as either a large shrub or a small tree that can grow up to 65 feet or 20 meters tall. The branches of the Juniper Berry are smooth and glabrous, and are slightly tapering and almost cylindrical, without any substantial ridges.
The leaves have a somewhat leathery feel and are shaped oblong to obovate. They can also be elliptic-oblanceolate, which means that they are in between being oval with no point, and having the widest portion near the tip, like a reversed lanceolate. They are between 7 to 16 centimeters long and 3.5 to 5 centimeters wide.
When it comes to the texture, the leaves are smooth, with glossy upper surface and dull lower surface. They also turn orange and give a nice appearance of fall colors.
The flowers of the Juniper Berry are colored white and grow in narrow and elongated racemes or flower clusters, which can be 4 to 10 centimeters long. The individual flowers are shaped like a bell and consist of five rounded lobes. They easily attract bees because of their light and fragrant smell.
However, since it is a fast growing tree, with the seeds mainly dispersed and spread by birds, it rapidly spreads and easily become naturalized in wet to moderately wet areas.