Psidium guajava – Guava
Other Common Names: Kuawa
Psidium guajava is a fast growing shrub or small tree that easily adapts to different environmental conditions. It belongs to the Myrtaceae family and is also known by its common names such as Kuawa, Lemon Guava, Yellow Guava, or simply Guava.
The guava tree is usually shallow-rooted and grows from 8 to 10 meters tall. It has a green to reddish brown smooth bark that often peels off in thin sheets. The leaves are oppositely arranged and are oblong to elliptic in shape. They also have parallel veins that emerge from the middle, as well as tiny glandular dots. They have a leathery texture and a shiny surface.
Guava trees grow slightly fragrant white flowers in spring, which measure about 4 centimeters across. The flowers have 4 to 5 petals and several brushlike stamens that have slim, white filaments that grow about 1.2 centimeters long.
The flowers produce fruits that can be of various sizes. Some can be the size of an apricot, while some can grow as large as a grapefruit. The flesh of the fruit also varies from white, pink, or red, while the skin can be either green or yellow. The fruits contain numerous seeds that are yellowish and entrenched in white or pink pulp.
Guava fruit is completely edible with a sweet and sour taste. They also have an aromatic and tropical fruit scent that is very distinct of guavas. It can be eaten raw or cooked, even with the seeds. Guavas can also be made into a jam, jelly, or juice, and is known to be rich in vitamin C.