Coconut Palm Tree
Cocos nucifera – Coconut Palm
Other Common Names: Niu
Cocos nucifera, or simply Coconut Palm, is probably one of the most popular trees and landscape plant in tropical and subtropical places around the world. It belongs to the Aracaceae family and is the only species belonging to the genus Cocos.
The Coconut Palm, or Coconut, is a tall palm tree that grows up to 3o meters or 98 feet tall. The single, unbranched trunk is grayish brown and is thickened at the base. It is also marked with rings of scars and are often curved gracefully. They live long, as they usually last for up to a century.
The leaves of the coconut are bunched up at the top of the tree and can be described as pinnate, with leaflets that are green and linear-lanceolate in shape. They are usually used as a material to create different products for decorating and for furnishing, and in other places, also for rituals.
The coconut fruits start from flowers that are yellowish green to creamy yellow. They grow in inflorescences that develop from the leaf axils and are encased in a big and lanceolate spathe. The flowers grow into fruits that can weigh about 1.44 kilograms or 3.2 pounds.
A usual tall coconut tree can produce up to 75 fruits per year, but most of the time, only less than 30 fruits grow mainly due to poor care and growing conditions.
The coconut is very versatile and it is even called the tree of life because of its many uses and benefits. The fruits are completely edible and the abundant juice or coconut water is a healthy drink. Both, along with the other parts of the coconut tree, can be used to produce copra, oil, as well as soaps and cosmetics.